What is dyslexia?

1 in 10 of the UK population are affected

A specific learning difficulty that primarily affects the ability to learn to read and spell.

  • It affects the ability to learn to read and spell. 
  • It involves difficulties in dealing with the sounds of words, which makes it especially hard to learn to use phonics to read words. 
  • Dyslexia is a life-long condition which has a substantial effect on an individual’s day to day activities and is classed as a disability under the Equality Act 2010.
  • It can affect short-term memory and speed of recalling names.
  • Dyslexia varies from person to person; no two people have the same strengths and weaknesses

What are the other important things we know about dyslexia? 

  • People with dyslexia often have strengths in reasoning, in visual and creative fields; dyslexia is not related to general intelligence; and is not the result of visual difficulties. 
  • Dyslexia usually runs in families, but there is still much that can be done, especially if intervention is given early. 
  • Many people learn strategies to manage the effects of dyslexia, but it does not go away and its effects may be felt in new situations or in times of stress. 
  • People with dyslexia often, but do not always, show characteristics of other specific learning difficulties such as dyspraxia, attention deficit disorder or dyscalculia.